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Category: Steel

Feb 09
Iron Ore & Pig Iron

Iron Ore Magnetite (Fe3O4, 72.4% Fe) Hematite (Fe2O3, 69.9% Fe) Fed directly into iron-making blast furnaces. Pig Iron Iron ore is the raw material used to make pig iron, An intermediate product obtained by smelting iron ore in a blast furnace with a high-carbon fuel and reductant such as coke, usually with limestone as a flux. Pig iron contains at least 92% […]

Mar 25
Tool Room Materials

C45 [EN8 / 1045] – medium carbon steel EN24 / ISO 683-18 34CrNiMo6 – high tensile alloy steel Wear resistance, used in gears, pinions, shafts, and spindles, Die casting and hot metal processing, such as mold support, racks and gears, needle angle die casting, Hot stamping of stamping dies, aluminum and steel stamping die beds, low […]

Jan 31
Steel Numbering Systems

There are two major numbering systems used by the steel industry, the first developed by the American Iron & Steel Institute (AISI), and the second by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). Both of these systems are based on four digit code numbers when identifying the base carbon and alloy steels. There are selections of alloys that […]

Jan 31
Tool Steel

Tool steels comprise carbide-forming elements such as chromium, vanadium, molybdenum and tungsten in different combinations. They also contain cobalt or nickel which improves their high-temperature performance. They are generally heat-treated to improve the hardness and used for stamping, forming, shearing and cutting metals and forming of plastics. They are classified according to their composition and […]

Jan 31
Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is an alloy of Iron with a minimum of 10.5% Chromium (typically between 10-20%). Chromium produces a thin layer of oxide on the surface of the steel known as the ‘passive layer’. This prevents any further corrosion of the surface. Stainless Steel is valued due to its high corrosion resistance. Stainless steel is […]

Jan 31
Alloy Steel

Alloy steel is a steel that has had small amounts of one or more alloying elements (other than carbon) such as such as manganese, silicon, nickel, titanium, copper, chromium and aluminum added. This produces specific properties that are not found in regular carbon steel. Alloy steels are workhorses of industry because of their economical cost, […]